Bantuan Luar Negeri sebagai Bentuk Implementasi Economic Persuasion Amerika Serikat ke Sudan

Sindy Yulia Putri


The foreign aid provided by the United States in the Darfur’s conflict, Sudan has received attentions from the global community. This assistance reflected on the policy of economic persuasion as a number of the United States’ political and economic interests in Sudan. The US was assumed to be inconsistent. The US still committed to provide aids to Sudan whereas it imposed economic sanctions on Sudan. A wide variety of aids included humanitarian assistance, food, sanitation, technical assistance, conditional loans, grants, and so forth. This paper has used a descriptive qualitative approach, because this study only described the US interests behind a number of foreign aid’s distributions, when the US carried out economic sanctions against Sudan. The result of this study is that the US empowered foreign aid as a form of realization of economic persuasion, especially a structural economic linkage. Although the US enforced economic sanctions on Sudan, the US still distributed foreign aid to that country. The US had ambitions to obtain an access to energies such as oil and gas, as well as to maintain a political stability in the African region. The US played a role in minimizing the Darfur’s conflict by providing a range of foreign assistances not only to normalize diplomatic relations with Sudan, but also to maintain sustainable partnerships with among countries in an African region.

Kata Kunci

Amerika Serikat; Sudan; Bantuan Luar Negeri; Economic Persuasion

Teks Lengkap:



CRS Report for Congress: Sudan: The Crisis in Darfur, Style sheet, retrieved from

Dagne, Ted. (2011). Africa: U.S. Foreign Assistance Issues, retrieved from

Davis, Patricia A. (1999). The Art of Economic Persuasion. Michigan: The University of Michigan Press.

Development Initatives. (2006). Sudan Aid Fact Sheet 1995-2009, retrieved from Factsheet-2011.pdf

DiRienzo, Cassandra & Jayoti Das. (2017). “The Spil over Effects of Country Fragility in Africa”. Developing Country Studies. Vol. 7, No. 1, retrieved from

Lancaster, Carol. (2007). Foreign Aid, Diplomacy, Development, and Domestic Politics. Chicago:The University of Chicago Press.

“Darfur Rising: Sudan’s New Crisis”. (2004). International Crisis Group (ICG). Report 76/Africa.

Klingebiel, Stephan. Dr., (2014). The Future of the ODA Concept: The Political Dimensions of a Seemingly Technical Discussion. Briefing Paper. Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik.

“Unlocking the potential of Africa’s NOCs”. (2014). KPMG Global Enery Insitute, NOCs.pdf

Li, Yuefen. 2018. Assessment of South-South Cooperation and the Global Narrative on the Eve of BAPA+40. South Centre. Research Paper. November 2018, retrieved from

Office of Foreign Asset Control. (2013). Sudan Sanction Program, retrieved from

Mastanduno, Michael. (1999). “A realist view: three images of the coming international order”. In International Order and the Future of World Politics, edited by T.V. Paul and John A. Hall, 19-40. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nassaji, Hossein. (2015). Qualitative and descriptive research: Data type versus data analysis. Language Teaching Research. SAGE. Vol. 19 (2), 129-132.

Redelet, Steven. (2006). A Primer on Foreign Aid, retrieved from

Sullivan, Paul J. & Nasrallah, Natalie. (2010). Improving Natural Resource Management in Sudan. Special Report of United States Institute of Peace.

“Sudan-Complex Emergency”. (2015). USAID From The American People, retrieved from

“Sudan and South Sudan”. (2017). US. Energy Information and Administration (EIA), diakses melalui

“Sudan-Complex Emergency”. (2004). U.S. Agency For International Development (USAID) Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), retrieved from 0092428-usaid-sud-25oct.pdf

“U.S. Relations with Egypt”. (2016). U.S. Department of State, retrieved from

Verjee, Aly. (2016). The Future of South Sudan and the Peace Agreement. Africa Programme Transcript. Chatham House: The Royal Institute of International Affairs, retrieved from peace-agreement-transcript.pdf

Warner, Lesley Anne. (2011). Southern Sudan: Understanding US Interests and Equities at the End of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. Institute for Security Studies.



  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Kantor Redaksi Jurnal Power in International Relations (PIR) . Gedung LPPM Lt2, Kampus Universitas Potensi Utama. Jl. K.L. Yos Sudarso Km 6,5 No.3-A Telp. (061) 6640525 Ext. 214 Tanjung Mulia Medan 20241


Qries Qries Qries Qries


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
Flag Counter
slot gacor slot demo slot gacor slot demo situs toto slot gacor slot gacor slot gacor slot deposit pulsa slot gacor slot demo slot gacor data macau slot kamboja slot pulsa slot gacor Slot Gacor 777 Slot demo Slot demo Slot demo slot gacor maxwin slot gacor server thailand slot gacor slot gacor slot gacor slot gacor Slot Gacor Maxwin