Analysis of Manual Material Handling Operators at UKM XYZ

Vidi Agung Fragastia, Rasyid Sunara Zaini

Sari


This study aims to analyze the posture value of manual material handling workers on operators at UKM XYZ. UKM XYZ is engaged in processed snacks made from cassava. One of the activities carried out by humans, especially in material handling (manual material handling) is carried out at workstations. These activities still use traditional machines and simple equipment so that the operator performs long bending activities. This can cause complaints of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). The work carried out by the operator is on the workers in the third work element (frying) and checking the heater. After conducting an interview with the operator at the work station, the operator felt a complaint of pain in the shoulder. If left unchecked, it will cause skeletal muscle injury. The purpose of this study was to determine and measure the operator's workload based on the calculation of RWL (Recommended Weight Limit). From the measurement results of the operators at the work station, it was found that this activity is a light activity based on the calculation of energy consumption and the actual lifting load is below the recommended load with a Lifting Index (LI) level <= 1, meaning that the weight of the lifted load does not exceed lifting limits and does not carry the risk of spinal cord injury.

Kata Kunci


Assessment of Work Posture; Biomechanics; Ergonomics; LI (Lifting Index); RWL (Recommended Weight Limit); Workload

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Tarwaka, P., & Bakri, L. S. (2010). Ergonomi Industri Dasar-Dasar Pengetahuan Ergonomi Dan Aplikasi Di Tempat Kerja. Solo: Harapan Press Solo.

Ayoub, M., & Dampsey, P. G. (1999). The Psychophysical Aporoachto Material Handling Task Design.

Wignjosoebroto, S. (1995). Ergonomi Studi Gerak dan Waktu: Teknik Analisis untuk Peningkatan Produktivitas Kerja.

Fragastia, V. A., & Ramadhan, M. D. (2022). Penilaian Postur Kerja Operator Pada UKM XYZ Dengan Metode Biomekanika. IESM Journal (Industrial Engineering System and Management Journal), 3(1), 67-80.

Muslimah, E., Pratiwi, I., & Rafsanjani, F. (2006). Analisis manual material handling menggunakan NIOSH equation. Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri, 5(2), 53-60.

Anggraini, D. A., & Daus, R. A. (2016). Analisis Beban Kerja dengan Menggunakan Metode Recommended Weight Limit (RWL) di PT. Indah Kiat Pulp and Paper. Tbk. Jurnal Surya Teknika, 2(04), 49-55.

Bora, M. A., & Azhari, D. (2018). Analisa Beban Kerja Pada Operator Visual Dengan Pendekatan Recommended Weight Limit (RWL) Di PT. Jappro Batam.

Waters, T. R., Putz-Anderson, V., & Garg, A. (1994). Applications manual for the revised NIOSH lifting equation.

Soleman, A. (2011). Analisis Beban Kerja Ditinjau Dari Faktor Usia Dengan Pendekatan Recommended Weiht Limit (Studi Kasus Mahasiswa Unpatti Poka). Arika, 5(2), 83-98.

Burhanuddin, M. (2013). MPL & RWL Calculator versi 1.0.0, Software Installasi for Windows.

Tayyari, F., & Smith, J. (1997). Occupational ergonomics: principles and applications.

NIOSH (1991) .NIOSH Work pratices guide to manual lifting. Natonal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati,Ohio 45226.

Chaffin, D. B., & PARK, K. S. (1973). A longitudinal study of low-back pain as associated with occupational weight lifting factors. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, 34(12), 513-525.

Sonodo, T. (1962). Studies on the compression,tension and torsion strength of the human vebterbral column,J.Kyoto Prefecture Med Univ.v71,pp.659-702.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22303/iesm%20journal.3.2.2022.127-139

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


##submission.copyrightStatement##

##submission.license.cc.by4.footer##

Kantor Redaksi IESM Journal

Gedung LPPM Lt2, Kampus Universitas Potensi Utama. Jl. K.L. Yos Sudarso Km 6,5 No.3-A Telp. (061) 6640525 Ext. 214 Tanjung Mulia Medan 20241